Effect of milk on the deodorization of malodorous breath after garlic ingestion

J Food Sci. 2010 Aug 1;75(6):C549-58. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2010.01715.x.


The effect of milk and milk components on the deodorization of diallyl disulfide (DADS), allyl methyl disulfide (AMDS), allyl mercaptan (AM), allyl methyl sulfide (AMS), and methyl mercaptan (MM) in the headspace of garlic as well as in the mouth- and nose-space after garlic ingestion was investigated using selected ion flow tube-mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS). Fat-free and whole milk significantly reduced the head-, mouth-, and nose-space concentrations of all volatiles. Water was the major component in milk responsible for the deodorization of volatiles. Due to its higher fat content, whole milk was more effective than fat-free milk in the deodorization of the more hydrophobic volatiles diallyl disulfide and allyl methyl disulfide. Milk was more effective than water and 10% sodium caseinate in the deodorization of allyl methyl sulfide, a persistent garlic odor, in the mouth after garlic ingestion. Addition of milk to garlic before ingestion had a higher deodorizing effect on the volatiles in the mouth than drinking milk after consuming garlic. Practical Application: Ingesting beverages or foods with high water and/or fat content such as milk may help reduce the malodorous odor in breath after garlic ingestion and mask the garlic flavor during eating. To enhance the deodorizing effect, deodorant foods should be mixed with garlic before ingestion.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Allyl Compounds / analysis
  • Allyl Compounds / chemistry
  • Animals
  • Breath Tests
  • Caseins / chemistry
  • Deodorants
  • Fats / chemistry
  • Female
  • Food Handling
  • Garlic / adverse effects*
  • Garlic / chemistry
  • Halitosis / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Milk* / chemistry
  • Osmolar Concentration
  • Sulfhydryl Compounds / analysis
  • Sulfhydryl Compounds / chemistry
  • Sulfides / analysis
  • Sulfides / chemistry
  • Time Factors
  • Volatile Organic Compounds / analysis*
  • Volatile Organic Compounds / chemistry


  • Allyl Compounds
  • Caseins
  • Deodorants
  • Fats
  • Sulfhydryl Compounds
  • Sulfides
  • Volatile Organic Compounds