Modeling dose-response relationships of the effects of fesoterodine in patients with overactive bladder

BMC Urol. 2010 Aug 19;10:14. doi: 10.1186/1471-2490-10-14.

Abstract

Background: Fesoterodine is an antimuscarinic for the treatment of overactive bladder, a syndrome of urgency, with or without urgency urinary incontinence (UUI), usually with increased daytime frequency and nocturia. Our objective was to develop predictive models to describe the dose response of fesoterodine.

Methods: Data from subjects enrolled in double-blind, placebo-controlled phase II and III trials were used for developing longitudinal dose-response models.

Results: The models predicted that clinically significant and near-maximum treatment effects would be seen within 3 to 4 weeks after treatment initiation. For a typical patient with 11 micturitions per 24 hours at baseline, predicted change was -1.2, -1.7, and -2.2 micturitions for placebo and fesoterodine 4 mg and 8 mg, respectively. For a typical patient with 2 UUI episodes per 24 hours at baseline, predicted change was -1.05, -1.26, and -1.43 UUI episodes for placebo and fesoterodine 4 mg and 8 mg, respectively. Increase in mean voided volume was estimated at 9.7 mL for placebo, with an additional 14.2 mL and 28.4 mL for fesoterodine 4 mg and 8 mg, respectively.

Conclusions: A consistent dose response for fesoterodine was demonstrated for bladder diary endpoints in subjects with overactive bladder, a result that supports the greater efficacy seen with fesoterodine 8 mg in post hoc analyses of clinical trial data. The dose-response models can be used to predict outcomes for doses not studied or for patient subgroups underrepresented in clinical trials.

Trial registration: The phase III trials used in this analysis have been registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT00220363 and NCT00138723).

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Clinical Trial, Phase III
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Benzhydryl Compounds / administration & dosage*
  • Computer Simulation*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Muscarinic Antagonists / administration & dosage*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Urinary Bladder, Overactive / drug therapy*
  • Urinary Bladder, Overactive / etiology
  • Urinary Bladder, Overactive / urine

Substances

  • Benzhydryl Compounds
  • Muscarinic Antagonists
  • fesoterodine

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT00138723
  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT00220363