Association of availability of tobacco products with socio-economic and racial/ethnic characteristics of neighbourhoods

Public Health. 2010 Sep;124(9):525-9. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2010.04.010. Epub 2010 Aug 17.

Abstract

Objective: To examine the association of neighbourhood median income and racial/ethnic composition with the availability of tobacco products in Omaha Metropolitan Area, Nebraska, USA.

Methods: A total of 94 census tracts were selected at random. The outcome measures were the percentage of stores that sold tobacco and the number of stores that sold tobacco per square mile in each census tract.

Results: Median household income was negatively associated (P<0.001), and percentage African American population (P<0.001) and percentage Hispanic population (P=0.049) were positively associated with the percentage of stores that sold tobacco. Median household income was negatively associated (P<0.001) and percentage Hispanic population (P=0.012) was positively associated with the number of stores that sold tobacco per square mile.

Conclusion: Policies that reduce the number of tobacco outlets might reduce social disparities in tobacco use.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • African Americans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Hispanic Americans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Income / statistics & numerical data*
  • Small-Area Analysis
  • Smoking / ethnology*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Tobacco, Smokeless*