ß1-adrenergic receptors (ß1-AR) are internalized in response to agonists and then recycle back for another round of signaling. The serine 312 to alanine mutant of the ß1-AR (S312A) is internalized but does not recycle. We determined that WT ß1-AR and S312A were internalized initially to an early sorting compartment because they colocalized by >70% with the early endosomal markers rab5a and early endosomal antigen-1 (EEA1). Subsequently, the WT ß1-AR trafficked via rab4a-expressing sorting endosomes to recycling endosomes. In recycling endosomes WT ß1-AR were colocalized by >70% with the rab11 GTPase. S312A did not colocalize with either rab4a or rab11, instead they exited from early endosomes to late endosomes/lysosomes in which they were degraded. Rab11a played a prominent role in recycling of the WT ß1-AR because dominant negative rab11a inhibited, while constitutively active rab11a accelerated the recycling of the ß1-AR. Next, we determined the effect of each of the rab11-interacting proteins on trafficking of the WT ß1-AR. The recycling of the ß1-AR was markedly inhibited when myosin Vb, FIP2, FIP3 and rabphillin were knocked down. These data indicate that rab11a and a select group of its binding partners play a prominent role in recycling of the human ß1-AR.
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