A national study of Helicobactor pylori infection in gastric biopsy specimens

Gastroenterology. 2010 Dec;139(6):1894-1901.e2; quiz e12. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2010.08.018. Epub 2010 Aug 19.


Background & aims: We investigated whether infection with Helicobacter pylori and signs of chronic active gastritis and intestinal metaplasia in gastric biopsy samples were inversely associated with Barrett's metaplasia.

Methods: We studied gastric biopsy samples from 78,985 unique patients. Histologic findings were correlated with sociodemographic patient characteristics using multivariate logistic regression to calculate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals.

Results: H pylori infection, chronic active gastritis, and intestinal metaplasia had similar epidemiologic patterns. The presence of each, based on histology analyses, was significantly associated with that of the others. They were also characterized by similar geographic distributions within the United States. All 3 disorders were more common among men and among Medicaid patients (compared with those with other insurance) and were inversely associated with Barrett's metaplasia (less frequent in patients with Barrett's metaplasia).

Conclusions: H pylori infection and associated disorders, such as chronic active gastritis and intestinal metaplasia, are inversely associated with Barrett's metaplasia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Barrett Esophagus* / epidemiology
  • Barrett Esophagus* / microbiology
  • Barrett Esophagus* / pathology
  • Biopsy
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chronic Disease
  • Education, Medical, Continuing
  • Gastritis* / epidemiology
  • Gastritis* / microbiology
  • Gastritis* / pathology
  • Helicobacter Infections / epidemiology*
  • Helicobacter Infections / pathology*
  • Helicobacter pylori / isolation & purification*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Logistic Models
  • Metaplasia
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Young Adult