The Golgi as a potential membrane source for autophagy

Autophagy. 2010 Oct;6(7):950-1. doi: 10.4161/auto.6.7.13009. Epub 2010 Oct 14.

Abstract

In macroautophagy (hereafter autophagy), a morphological hallmark is the formation of double-membrane vesicles called autophagosomes that sequester and deliver cytoplasmic components to the lysosome/vacuole for degradation. This process begins with an initial sequestering compartment, the phagophore, which expands into the mature autophagosome. A tremendous amount of work has been carried out to elucidate the mechanism of how the autophagosome is formed. However, an important missing piece in this puzzle is where the membrane comes from. Independent lines of evidence have shown that preexisting organelles may continuously supply lipids to support autophagosome formation. In our analysis, we identified several components of the late stage secretory pathway that may redirect Golgi-derived membrane to autophagosome formation in response to starvation conditions.

MeSH terms

  • Autophagy / physiology*
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism*
  • Cell Membrane / ultrastructure
  • Golgi Apparatus / metabolism*
  • Golgi Apparatus / ultrastructure
  • Intracellular Membranes / metabolism*
  • Intracellular Membranes / ultrastructure
  • Protein Transport
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / cytology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism
  • Secretory Pathway / physiology

Substances

  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins