Consensus terminology for stages of care: acute, chronic, recurrent, and wellness

J Manipulative Physiol Ther. Jul-Aug 2010;33(6):458-63. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2010.06.007.


Objective: As the chiropractic profession delineates its role in the emerging health care marketplace, it will become increasingly important that the scope of appropriate chiropractic care is clearly defined relative to overall patient case management. Therefore, the Council on Chiropractic Guidelines and Practice Parameters engaged in a multidisciplinary consensus process addressing the terminology related to "levels of care."

Methods: A formal consensus process was conducted in early 2009, following the RAND/UCLA method for rating appropriateness. Panelists were selected to provide a broad representation of the profession in terms of geographic location and organizational affiliation, and an attempt was made to include members of other professions, including representation from third-party payors. The Delphi process was conducted electronically in January-February 2009. A nominal group panel was conducted through an online meeting service using an experienced group facilitator. Twenty-seven panelists were selected; all but 3 were doctors of chiropractic. Six of the panelists had experience as consultants with third-party payors.

Results: Fifteen seed statements were circulated to the Delphi panel. Consensus was reached on all statements after 3 Delphi rounds, with further refinements made through the nominal group panel.

Conclusions: By using a recognized formal consensus process, the Council on Chiropractic Guidelines and Practice Parameters has endeavored to establish a set of terms that are acceptable to the chiropractic community in order to facilitate their use within the broader health care community.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Chiropractic / methods*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Consensus*
  • Delivery of Health Care / classification*
  • Delphi Technique
  • Health Promotion*
  • Humans
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / therapy*
  • Recurrence
  • Terminology as Topic*