Congenital spinal malformations in small animals

Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2010 Sep;40(5):951-81. doi: 10.1016/j.cvsm.2010.05.009.

Abstract

Congenital anomalies of the spine are common in small animals. The type of deformity, location, severity, time of onset of associated clinical signs, and progression of neurologic dysfunction varies widely. To promote clearer understanding, the authors present the various spinal malformations using modified human classification schemes and use current widely accepted definitions and terminology. The diagnostic approach, including utilization of advanced imaging, and surgical management is emphasized.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cat Diseases / congenital*
  • Cat Diseases / diagnosis
  • Cat Diseases / surgery
  • Cats
  • Dog Diseases / congenital*
  • Dog Diseases / diagnosis
  • Dog Diseases / surgery
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Lumbar Vertebrae / pathology*
  • Lumbar Vertebrae / surgery
  • Male
  • Spinal Diseases / congenital
  • Spinal Diseases / diagnosis
  • Spinal Diseases / surgery
  • Spinal Diseases / veterinary*
  • Spine / abnormalities*
  • Spine / surgery
  • Thoracic Vertebrae / pathology*
  • Thoracic Vertebrae / surgery