Effects of scheduled qigong exercise on pupils' well-being, self-image, distress, and stress

J Altern Complement Med. 2010 Sep;16(9):939-44. doi: 10.1089/acm.2009.0405.


Objectives: Psychologic problems is increasing among pupils and has become a major problem in Sweden as well as in other Western countries. The aim of this study was to explore whether scheduled qigong exercise could have an effect on well-being at school, psychologic distress, self-image, and general stress.

Subjects: Pupils, 13-14 years, were assigned to either a qigong group or a control group.

Intervention: The qigong group had scheduled qigong 2 times a week for 8 weeks.

Measures: Self-reported well-being at school, psychologic distress, self-image, and stress were measured pre- and postintervention.

Results: The control group had reduced well-being at school during the semester and the qigong group was stable. The qigong group reduced psychologic distress and stress, and had a tendency to improved self-image, whereas no changes were found in the control group. Self-image explains 47% (R(2) = 0.47) of well-being at school, and stress explains 29% (R(2) = 0.29) of psychologic distress.

Conclusions: Scheduled qigong, meditative movement, is a possible way to improve well-being at school.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Breathing Exercises*
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meditation / psychology*
  • Mental Health*
  • Schools
  • Self Concept*
  • Stress, Psychological / therapy*