Chronic lung function decline in cotton textile workers: roles of historical and recent exposures to endotoxin

Environ Health Perspect. 2010 Nov;118(11):1620-4. doi: 10.1289/ehp.0901178.


Background: Long-term occupational exposure to cotton dust that contains endotoxin is associated with chronic respiratory symptoms and excessive decline in forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1), but the mechanisms of endotoxin-related chronic airflow obstruction remain unclear.

Objective: In the current study, we examined temporal aspects of the exposure-response relationship between airborne endotoxin exposure, longitudinal change in FEV1, and respiratory symptoms in a cohort of Chinese cotton textile workers.

Methods: This prospective cohort study followed 447 cotton textile workers from 1981 to 2006. at approximately 5-year intervals. We used a generalized estimating equations approach to model FEV1 level and respiratory symptoms as a function of past exposure (cumulative exposure up to the start of the most recent 5-year survey interval) and cumulative exposure (within the most recent interval) to endotoxins, after adjusting for other covariates. Models were stratified by active versus retired work status and by years employed before the baseline survey (< 5 and > or = 5 years).

Results and conclusions: Past exposure to endotoxin was associated with reduced FEV1 level among retired cotton workers. Among all cotton workers, past exposure was more strongly associated with reduced FEV1 for those hired < 5 years before baseline than for those who were hired > or = 5 years after baseline. Recent endotoxin exposure was significantly associated with byssinosis, chronic bronchitis, and chronic cough.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis*
  • Bronchitis, Chronic / epidemiology
  • Byssinosis / epidemiology
  • Cotton Fiber*
  • Cough / epidemiology
  • Endotoxins / analysis*
  • Female
  • Forced Expiratory Volume
  • Humans
  • Inhalation Exposure / analysis
  • Inhalation Exposure / statistics & numerical data*
  • Lung Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Exposure / analysis
  • Occupational Exposure / statistics & numerical data*
  • Odds Ratio
  • Prospective Studies
  • Respiratory Function Tests


  • Air Pollutants, Occupational
  • Endotoxins