BMS-191095 is an opener of the mitochondrial ATP-regulated potassium channel, which has been shown to provide cytoprotection in models of ischemia-reperfusion induced injury in various tissues. This study aimed at checking the protective action of BMS-191095 under the conditions of oxidative stress or disruption of intracellular calcium homeostasis.
Methods: The cytoprotective potential of BMS-191095 was tested in C2C12 myoblasts injured by treatment with H(2)O(2) or calcium ionophore A23187. The influence of the opener on intracellular calcium levels, calpain activity and respiration rates were determined.
Results: BMS-191095 protected myoblasts from calcium ionophore A23187-induced injury, but not from H H(2)O(2)-induced injury. A23187-mediated cell damage was also prevented by calpain inhibitor PD 150606. A23187 administration led to a transient increase in cytosolic calcium levels, concomitant activation of calpains and a decrease in state 3 respiration rates, indicating mitochondrial dysfunction. Co-administration of BMS-191095 diminished calpain activation in A23187-treated cells but did not prevent mitochondrial damage. In the presence of BMS-191095, restoration of cytosolic calcium concentrations to basal levels after A23187 treatment was considerably faster which may underly the reduced activation of calpains.
Conclusion: The BMS-191095-mediated cytoprotection observed in C2C12 myoblasts results probably from modulation of intracellular calcium transients leading to prevention of calpain activation.
Copyright 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.