Keeping calcium (Ca) balance in equilibrium is one of the main goals in dialysis patients, and the dialysis schedule by itself can affect mineral metabolism. The aim of this paper is to evaluate Ca and magnesium (Mg) balances on different Quf in patients on RDT. Twenty-one patients [7 on hemodialysis (HD), 14 on hemodiafiltration (HDF)] were studied. Ca and Mg balances were assessed by measuring Ca and Mg in whole dialysis fluid. One patients on HDF was observed for three dialysis sessions, on different Quf, and negative values were observed for Quf above 70 ml/min. Mg balance was always negative. We conclude that an accurate survey of Ca balance is mandatory in high-efficiency dialysis, when high fluxes may produce adverse effects on mineral metabolism.