The Relationship Between Resilience and Levels of Anxiety, Depression, and Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms in Adolescents

Clin Psychol Psychother. Jul-Aug 2011;18(4):314-21. doi: 10.1002/cpp.719. Epub 2010 Aug 30.

Abstract

Objective: Mental health problems affect approximately 20% of adolescents. Traditionally, the principal focus has been on vulnerability and risk factors and less on protective factors. The study, therefore, explores the relation between frequent psychiatric symptoms and resilience factors among older adolescents.

Method: The Resilience Scale for Adolescents (READ) was completed by 307 Norwegian high school students (M = 16.4 years) along with the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales, and the Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised.

Results: Higher resilience scores predicted lower scores on levels of depression, anxiety, stress and obsessive-compulsive symptoms after controlling for age and gender.

Conclusion: This study provides further evidence that it may be fruitful for clinicians and researchers to attend to resilience factors in relation to psychological symptoms among older adolescents.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Adolescent
  • Anxiety Disorders / epidemiology
  • Anxiety Disorders / psychology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Depressive Disorder / epidemiology
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Norway / epidemiology
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder / epidemiology
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder / psychology*
  • Psychology, Adolescent / methods
  • Resilience, Psychological*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Distribution
  • Surveys and Questionnaires