Celecoxib is a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor with antitumor and antiangiogenic activities. To investigate the effects of celecoxib on nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), HNE-1 cells were treated with celecoxib at various concentrations. MTT assay, migration assay and invasion assay were performed to observe the inhibitory activity of celecoxib on HNE-1 cells. Additionally, VEGF-A expression and radiation survival of NPC cell were also examined after treatment with celecoxib. Celecoxib treatment presented an anti-proliferation function in a time and dose-dependent manner on HNE-1 cells which highly express COX-2 protein. Celecoxib also displayed an obvious inhibitory activity on invasive capacity of NPC cells. Moreover, the celecoxib's effects to suppress VEGF-A expression and enhance radiosensitivity were detected in HNE-1 cells. These findings implicate that application of celecoxib may be an effective strategy for NPC therapy.