Objective: To assess the efficacy of rotigotine transdermal patch in subjects with moderate to severe idiopathic restless legs syndrome (RLS) and periodic limb movement (PLM) in sleep in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter study (NCT00275236).
Methods: Sixty-seven (46 rotigotine, 21 placebo) subjects applied rotigotine (maximum 3mg/24h) or placebo patches once-daily during a 4-week maintenance period; efficacy evaluations used polysomnographic measures and clinician/patient ratings.
Results: Mean PLM index (PLMI; PLM/h time in bed) decreased more with rotigotine (50.9/h to 8.1/h) than with placebo (37.4/h to 27.1/h; adjusted treatment ratio 4.25 (95% CI [2.48,7.28], p<0.0001). PLM during sleep with arousal index (PLMSAI; 8.57/h to 2.47/h under rotigotine, 6.5/h to 4.95/h under placebo; adjusted treatment difference: -3.12 (95% CI [-5.36, -0.88], p=0.0072) also improved more under rotigotine. At end of maintenance, 39% of rotigotine subjects had PLMI levels <5/h and 26% showed no RLS symptoms (IRLS=0), whereas no placebo subject met these criteria. Common drug-related adverse events for rotigotine and placebo included nausea (21.7%/4.8%), headache (17.4%/14.3%), application site reactions (17.4%/4.8%), and somnolence (10.9%/9.5%); most were mild to moderate in intensity.
Conclusions: Rotigotine transdermal patch was efficacious and well tolerated in the short-term treatment of RLS motor symptoms and associated sleep disturbances.