Confusion, Urea, Respiratory Rate and Shock Index or Adjusted Shock Index (CURSI or CURASI) criteria predict mortality in community-acquired pneumonia

Eur J Intern Med. 2010 Oct;21(5):429-33. doi: 10.1016/j.ejim.2010.07.005. Epub 2010 Aug 1.


Background: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is common and associated with a significant mortality. Shock index, heart rate divided by systolic blood pressure, has been shown to be associated with outcome in sepsis.

Objective: To examine the usefulness of two new criteria CURSI (confusion, urea, respiratory rate and shock index), and CURASI where shock index is replaced by temperature adjusted shock index in mortality assessment of CAP.

Methods: A prospective study was conducted in Norfolk and Suffolk, UK. We explored the usefulness of CURSI and CURASI which we derived and performed mapping exercise using a different cohort. In this study we compared these new indices with the CURB-65 criteria in correctly predicting mortality in CAP.

Results: A total of 190 patients were included (males=53%). The age range was 18-101 years (median=76 years). There were a total of 54 deaths during a six-week follow-up. All died within 30-days. Sixty-five (34%) had severe pneumonia by CURB-65. Using CURSI and CURASI, 71(37%) and 69(36%) had severe pneumonia, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values in predicting death during six-week follow-up were comparable among three indices examined. The Receiver Operating Characteristic curve values (95%CI) for the criteria were 0.67(0.60-0.75) for CURB-65, 0.67(0.59-0.74) for CURSI and 0.66(0.58-0.74) for CURASI (p>0.05). There were strong agreements between these three indices (Kappa values > or =0.75 for all). Repeating analyses in those who were aged 65years and over (n=135) did not alter the results.

Conclusions: Both CURSI and CURASI are similarly useful to CURB-65 in predicting deaths associated with CAP including older patients.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Blood Pressure
  • Community-Acquired Infections / mortality*
  • Community-Acquired Infections / physiopathology
  • Confusion / mortality*
  • Confusion / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pneumonia / mortality*
  • Pneumonia / physiopathology
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prospective Studies
  • Respiratory Rate*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Shock, Septic / mortality*
  • Shock, Septic / physiopathology
  • Urea / blood*
  • Young Adult


  • Urea