[Undergraduate psychiatric training in Turkey]

Turk Psikiyatri Derg. 2010 Fall;21(3):195-202.
[Article in Turkish]


Objective: The current trend in medical education is to abandon the experience-based traditional model and embrace the competency-based education model (CBE). The basic principle behind CBE is standardization. The first step in standardization is to determine what students must know, what they must accomplish, and what attitude they should display, and the establishment of educational goals. One of the goals of the Psychiatric Association of Turkey, Psychiatric Training Section is to standardize psychiatric training in Turkish medical schools. This study aimed to determine the current state of undergraduate psychiatric training in Turkish medical schools.

Method: Questionnaires were sent to the psychiatry department chairs of 41 medical schools. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical methods.

Results: Of the 41 department chairs that were sent the questionnaire, 29 (70%) completed and returned them, of which 16 (66.7%) reported that they had already defined goals and educational objectives for their undergraduate psychiatric training programs. The Core Education Program, prepared by the Turkish Medicine and Health Education Council, was predominately used at 9 (37.5%) medical schools. Pre-clinical and clinical training schedules varied between medical schools. In all, 3 of the medical schools did not offer internships in psychiatry. The majority of chairs emphasized the importance of mood disorders (49.9%) and anxiety disorders (40%), suggesting that these disorders should be treated by general practitioners. Computer technology was commonly used for lecturing; however, utilization of interactive and skill-based teaching methods was limited. The most commonly used evaluation methods were written examination (87.5%) during preclinical training and oral examination (91.6%) during clinical training.

Conclusion: The most important finding of this study was the lack of a standardized curriculum for psychiatric training in Turkey. Standardization of psychiatric training in Turkish medical schools must be developed.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Anxiety Disorders / therapy
  • Competency-Based Education
  • Curriculum / standards*
  • Education, Medical, Undergraduate / standards*
  • General Practitioners
  • Humans
  • Internship and Residency
  • Mood Disorders / therapy
  • Psychiatry / education*
  • Societies, Medical
  • Turkey