Peanuts contain some of the most potent food allergens known to date. Ara h 1 is one of the three major peanut allergens. As a first step towards three-dimensional structure elucidation, recombinant Ara h 1 core region was cloned, expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. Crystals were obtained using 0.1 M sodium citrate pH 5.6, 0.1 M NaCl, 15% PEG 400 as precipitant. The crystals diffracted to 2.25 A resolution using synchrotron radiation and belonged to the monoclinic space group C2, with unit-cell parameters a=156.521, b=88.991, c=158.971 A, beta=107.144 degrees. Data were collected at the BL-38B1 station of SPring-8 (Hyogo, Japan).