Growing evidence suggests that the astrocytic gap junctions (GJs), mainly formed by connexin 43 (Cx43), play an important role in physiological maintenance and various central nervous system (CNS) pathological conditions. However, little is known about the role of Cx43 in Parkinson's disease (PD). In this article, we report that rotenone, a classic neurotoxin for PD, could inhibit expression of astrocytic Cx43 and gap junction permeability. ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel openers, iptakalim (IPT) and diazoxide (DZ), exerted protective effect on rotenone-induced dysfunction of Cx43 and astrocyte apoptosis, which was reversed by selective mitochondrial K(ATP) (mitoK(ATP)) channel blocker 5-hydroxydecanoate (5-HD). Taken together, our findings reveal that rotenone-induced dysfunction of astrocytic Cx43 may be involved in the pathology of PD. Moreover, opening mitoK(ATP) channels in astrocytes can reverse rotenone-induced dysfunction of astrocytic Cx43 and therefore protect against toxicity of rotenone on astrocytes.