Objective: Autism appears to have a strong genetic component. The product of the NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase 1 alpha subcomplex 5 (NDUFA5) gene is included in the mitochondrial electron transport chain.
Method: We performed a case-control study of 235 patients with autism and 214 controls and examined three single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within this gene in a Japanese population. We then conducted a transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) analysis in 148 autistic trios.
Results: In the case-control study, two SNPs (rs12666974 and rs3779262) showed a significant association with autism (P=0.00064 and 0.00046 respectively). Furthermore, a haplotype containing these two SNPs showed a significant association (P-global=0.0013, individual haplotype A-A: P=0.010). In TDT analysis, the global and A-A haplotype P-values also indicated significant associations. Minor allele and genotype frequencies were decreased in the autistic subjects.
Conclusion: We found significant association between the NDFA5 gene and autism.
© 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.