Retinal connectivity and primate vision

Prog Retin Eye Res. 2010 Nov;29(6):622-39. doi: 10.1016/j.preteyeres.2010.08.004. Epub 2010 Sep 6.

Abstract

The general principles of retinal organization are now well known. It may seem surprising that retinal organization in the primate, which has a complex visual behavioral repertoire, appears relatively simple. In this review, we primarily consider retinal structure and function in primate species. Photoreceptor distribution and connectivity are considered as are connectivity in the outer and inner retina. One key issue is the specificity of retinal connections; we suggest that the retina shows connectional specificity but this is seldom complete, and we consider here the functional consequences of imprecise wiring. Finally, we consider how retinal systems can be linked to psychophysical descriptions of different channels, chromatic and luminance, which are proposed to exist in the primate visual system.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Models, Neurological
  • Nerve Net / physiology*
  • Primates*
  • Retina / cytology*
  • Retina / physiology
  • Signal Transduction / physiology*
  • Vision, Ocular / physiology*
  • Visual Pathways / cytology
  • Visual Pathways / physiology