Breast tumor kinase (Brk), also termed PTK6, is known to function in cell-type and context-dependent processes governing normal differentiation. However, in tumors in which Brk is overexpressed, this unusual soluble tyrosine kinase is emerging as a mediator of cancer cell phenotypes, including increased proliferation, survival, and migration. Nuclear and cytoplasmic substrates phosphorylated by Brk include a collection of regulatory RNA-binding proteins, adaptor molecules that link Brk to signaling pathways generally associated with the activation of growth factor receptors, and Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription (STAT) molecules that are direct regulators of gene expression. Understanding Brk-dependent regulation of these key signaling pathways and how they influence cancer cell behavior is predicted to inform the development of improved 'targeted' cancer therapies and may provide insight into ways to avoid chemo-resistance to established treatments.
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.