Early repolarization syndrome – a new electrical disorder associated with sudden cardiac death –

Circ J. 2010 Oct;74(10):2039-44. doi: 10.1253/circj.cj-10-0753. Epub 2010 Sep 11.


Early repolarization (ER), consisting of a J-point elevation, notching or slurring of the terminal portion of the R wave (J wave), and tall/symmetric T wave, is a common finding on the 12-lead electrocardiogram. For decades, it has been considered as benign, barring sporadic case reports and basic electrophysiology research that suggested a critical role of the J wave in the pathogenesis of idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (VF). In 2007-2008, a high prevalence of ER in patients with idiopathic VF was reported and subsequent studies reinforced the results. This review summarizes the current state of knowledge concerning ER syndrome associated with sudden cardiac death.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Death, Sudden, Cardiac / epidemiology
  • Death, Sudden, Cardiac / etiology*
  • Electrocardiography
  • Humans
  • Prevalence
  • Ventricular Fibrillation / complications*
  • Ventricular Fibrillation / epidemiology
  • Ventricular Fibrillation / etiology