Aims: To evaluate the antiviral activity of Bignoniaceae species occurring in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Methods and results: Ethanol extracts of different anatomical parts of bignoniaceous plant species have been evaluated in vitro against human herpesvirus type 1 (HSV-1), vaccinia virus (VACV) and murine encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. A total of 34 extracts from 18 plant species selected according to ethnopharmacological and taxonomic criteria were screened. Fifteen of the 34 extracts (44.1%) have disclosed antiviral activity against one or more of the viruses assayed with EC(50) values in the range of 23.2 ± 2.5-422.7 ± 10.9 μg ml(-1).
Conclusions: Twelve of the 34 extracts (35.3%) might be considered promising sources of antiviral natural products, as they have shown EC50 ≤ 100 μg ml(-1). The present screening discloses the high potential of the Bignoniaceae family as source of antiviral agents.
Significance and impact of the study: Active extracts were identified and deserve bioguided studies for the isolation of antiviral compounds and studies on mechanism of action.
© 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 The Society for Applied Microbiology.