Pattern of rheumatic diseases in south India. V. Ankylosing spondylitis. A clinical and radiological study

J Assoc Physicians India. 1990 Oct;38(10):774-6.


One hundred and two patients from South India with primary ankylosing spondylitis (AS) were analysed clinically and radiologically. The mean age of onset was 26 years, with a male to female ratio of 16:1. Eleven patients presented as juvenile ankylosing spondylitis. The mode of presentation of AS included axial involvement in 59, peripheral arthritis in 38, heel pain in 18 and acute anterior uveitis (AAU) in 11. The overall incidence of extra axial features was high (90 patients). These included subjects with peripheral arthritis (49), heel pain (35), AAU (14), rib pain (11), aortic regurgitation (8), apical pulmonary fibrosis (5), mitral regurgitation (2) and conduction defects (2). Peripheral arthritis was characteristically asymmetrical and oligo articular, and involved lower limb joints. No renal involvement was noticed. Radiologically, bilateral sacroilitis was seen in 80% of cases.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / complications
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / diagnosis
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / diagnostic imaging
  • Chronic Disease
  • Female
  • Humans
  • India
  • Male
  • Radiography
  • Rheumatic Heart Disease / complications
  • Rheumatic Heart Disease / diagnosis
  • Rheumatic Heart Disease / diagnostic imaging
  • Spondylitis, Ankylosing / complications
  • Spondylitis, Ankylosing / diagnosis*
  • Spondylitis, Ankylosing / diagnostic imaging