Cancer-related Epigenome Changes Associated With Reprogramming to Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells

Cancer Res. 2010 Oct 1;70(19):7662-73. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-10-1361. Epub 2010 Sep 14.

Abstract

The ability to induce pluripotent stem cells from committed, somatic human cells provides tremendous potential for regenerative medicine. However, there is a defined neoplastic potential inherent to such reprogramming that must be understood and may provide a model for understanding key events in tumorigenesis. Using genome-wide assays, we identify cancer-related epigenetic abnormalities that arise early during reprogramming and persist in induced pluripotent stem cell (iPS) clones. These include hundreds of abnormal gene silencing events, patterns of aberrant responses to epigenetic-modifying drugs resembling those for cancer cells, and presence in iPS and partially reprogrammed cells of cancer-specific gene promoter DNA methylation alterations. Our findings suggest that by studying the process of induced reprogramming, we may gain significant insight into the origins of epigenetic gene silencing associated with human tumorigenesis, and add to means of assessing iPS for safety.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / genetics
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology
  • Chromatin / genetics
  • DNA Methylation
  • Fibroblasts / physiology
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Silencing
  • Genome, Human
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Neoplasms / pathology
  • Pluripotent Stem Cells / pathology
  • Pluripotent Stem Cells / physiology*

Substances

  • Chromatin