Acute otitis media (AOM) is the most common disease occurring in infants and children and has major medical, social and economic effects. If we consider the Italian pediatric population and the incidence rates in different age ranges it can be calculated that almost one million cases of AOM are diagnosed in Italy every year. Various attempts have been made internationally to clarify the most appropriate ways in which AOM should be managed. In Italy, this has been done at local or regional level but there have so far been no national initiatives. The objective of this guideline is to provide recommendations to pediatricians, general practitioners and otolaryngologists involved in the clinical management of acute otitis media in healthy children aged 2 months to 12 years. After a systematic review and grading of evidences from the literature, the document was drafted by a multidisciplinary panel with identified key clinical questions related to diagnosis, treatment of the acute episode, management of complications and prevention.
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