Assessing psychological well-being in mothers of children with disability: evaluation of the Parenting Morale Index and Family Impact of Childhood Disability scale

J Pediatr Psychol. 2011 Jun;36(5):506-16. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsq081. Epub 2010 Sep 15.


Objective: Process model of stress and coping guided psychometric assessment of two brief measures of psychological well-being: Parenting Morale Index (PMI); Family Impact of Childhood Disability (FICD) scale.

Methods: Canadian mothers (N=195) of children with disability (CWD) completed PMI, FICD, and validation measures (Brief Family Assessment Measure [FAM], Personal Well-Being Index, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, General Self-Efficacy Scale, Social Desirability Scale) via computer-assisted telephone interview. Of these, 154 completed additional validation measures (Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale, Parenting Stress Index, Family Hardiness Index, Brief FAM) 1 year later.

Results: Factor structures of PMI and FICD were supported; both demonstrated internal consistency, temporal stability, and convergent and discriminant validity. After 1 year, PMI and FICD jointly predicted depressive symptoms, parenting stress, family hardiness, and family adjustment.

Conclusion: PMI and FICD can identify mothers of CWD at risk for poor psychological well-being to increase the specificity of supports.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adult
  • Affect
  • Child
  • Disabled Children / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mothers / psychology*
  • Parenting / psychology*
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Self Efficacy
  • Social Adjustment
  • Social Desirability
  • Social Support*
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology*