[Mean speed of winter sport participants depending on various factors]

Sportverletz Sportschaden. 2010 Sep;24(3):150-3. doi: 10.1055/s-0029-1245578. Epub 2010 Sep 15.
[Article in German]


Objective of this study was to evaluate speeds on ski slopes depending on various factors as gender, age, height, weight, and nationality, helmet use, used type of gear, skiing ability, risk taking behaviour and weather conditions. The average speed measured with a radar speed gun was 44 km/h for all observations. A multivariate logistic regression model revealed five independent factors for higher speeds on slopes: younger age, male gender, skier, higher skill level, and riskier behaviour. Helmet use is not associated with higher speeds on slopes. Therefore, ski helmets have been recommended because helmet use is associated with a considerable reduction of head injury risk. In general, to avoid speed related injuries, preventive recommendations include skiing under speed control consistent with the individual skiing ability, and slope and weather conditions.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Acceleration*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Athletic Injuries / physiopathology*
  • Athletic Injuries / prevention & control
  • Athletic Performance
  • Austria
  • Child
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / physiopathology
  • Craniocerebral Trauma / prevention & control
  • Female
  • Head Protective Devices
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk-Taking
  • Sex Factors
  • Skiing / injuries*
  • Weather
  • Young Adult