Implementing computerized adaptive tests in routine clinical practice: experience implementing CATs

J Appl Meas. 2010;11(3):288-303.


This paper traces the development, testing and use of CATs in outpatient rehabilitation from the perspective of one proprietary international medical rehabilitation database management company, Focus On Therapeutic Outcomes, Inc. (FOTO). Between the FOTO data in the United States and Maccabi Healthcare Services data in Israel, over 1.5 million CATs have been administered. Using findings from published studies and results of internal public relations surveys, we discuss (1) reasons for CAT development, (2) how the CATs were received by clinicians and patients in the United States and Israel, (3) results of psychometric property assessments of CAT estimated measures of functional status in routine clinical practice, (4) clinical interpretation of CAT functional status measures, and (5) future development directions. Results of scientific studies and business history provide confidence that CATs are pertinent and valuable to clinicians, patients and payers, and suggest CATs will be prominent in the development of future integrated computerized electronic medical record systems with electronic outcomes data collection.

MeSH terms

  • Biostatistics
  • Data Collection
  • Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted
  • Humans
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care / statistics & numerical data*
  • Rehabilitation / statistics & numerical data*
  • Software
  • Treatment Outcome