Relationship between chewing sticks (Miswak) and periodontal health. Part 1. Review of the literature and profile of the subjects

Quintessence Int. 1990 Nov;21(11):913-7.


For more than 1,000 years, Moslems all over the world have used chewing sticks (Miswak) as an oral hygiene aid. In spite of the introduction of modern oral hygiene devices, many Moslems still prefer to use the natural Miswak. Despite its common use, there is a paucity of data bout its effects on the periodontal structures. This is the first of a three-part series examining the relationship between Miswak and periodontal health. Part I presents a review of the current literature and a demographic profile of the study population. Patients presenting for routine dental appointments were subjected to a comprehensive interview regarding their demographic data, oral hygiene habits, and use of Miswak. Clinical examination included scoring of plaque and periodontal health.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Data Collection
  • Dental Devices, Home Care*
  • Dental Plaque / prevention & control*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Islam
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Plants, Medicinal*
  • Saudi Arabia