Reversal of Memory Deficits by Coriandrum Sativum Leaves in Mice

J Sci Food Agric. 2011 Jan 15;91(1):186-92. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.4171. Epub 2010 Sep 17.

Abstract

Background: Coriandrum sativum L., commonly known as coriander and belonging to the family Apiaceae (Umbelliferae), is cultivated throughout the world for its nutritional value. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of fresh Coriandrum sativum leaves (CSL) on cognitive functions, total serum cholesterol levels and brain cholinesterase activity in mice. In this study, CSL (5, 10 and 15% w/w of diet) was fed orally with a specially prepared diet for 45 days consecutively to experimental animals. Elevated plus-maze and passive avoidance apparatus served as the exteroceptive behavioral models for testing memory. Diazepam, scopolamine and ageing-induced amnesia served as the interoceptive behavioral models.

Results: CSL (5, 10 and 15% w/w of diet) produced a dose-dependent improvement in memory scores of young as well as aged mice. CSL also reversed successfully the memory deficits induced by scopolamine (0.4 mg kg(-1), i.p.) and diazepam (1 mg kg(-1), i.p.). Interestingly, brain cholinesterase activity and serum total cholesterol levels were considerably reduced by CSL administration in daily diets concomitantly for 45 days.

Conclusion: CSL may be a useful remedy in the management of Alzheimer's disease on account of its multifarious effects such as, memory-improving property, cholesterol-lowering property and anticholinesterase activity.

MeSH terms

  • Aging
  • Animals
  • Anticholesteremic Agents / pharmacology
  • Anticholesteremic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Avoidance Learning / drug effects
  • Brain / drug effects*
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Cholinesterase Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Cholinesterase Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Cholinesterases / metabolism
  • Coriandrum*
  • Diazepam
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Male
  • Maze Learning / drug effects
  • Memory / drug effects*
  • Memory Disorders / diet therapy*
  • Memory Disorders / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Nootropic Agents / pharmacology
  • Nootropic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Phytotherapy*
  • Plant Leaves*
  • Plant Preparations / pharmacology
  • Plant Preparations / therapeutic use
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Scopolamine

Substances

  • Anticholesteremic Agents
  • Cholinesterase Inhibitors
  • Nootropic Agents
  • Plant Preparations
  • Cholesterol
  • Scopolamine
  • Cholinesterases
  • Diazepam