Aim: To compare the effect of timing of implant placement and guided bone regeneration (GBR) procedure on osseointegration and newly formed bone at 8 and 16 months.
Material and methods: In seven dogs, four different sites were bilaterally established: (1) an implant placed in a 6-month healed (6m-GBR) bovine bone mineral (BBM) grafted site; (2) a simultaneously placed implant with the grafted BBM (Si-GBR) followed by a membrane coverage; (3) an implant placed in a membrane-protected non-grafted defect; and (4) an implant placement in a naturally healed site (Cont). Histomorphometry was obtained at 8 and 16 months post-implant placement. Bone-implant contact (BIC), crestal bone resorption (CBR), vertical intra-bony (VIB) defect, bone (BAF) and particle (PAF) area fractions, and osteoconductivity (CON) levels were measured.
Results: In all sites, BIC ranged between 62% and 79% with no significant differences. PAF ranged from 17% to 27%, with no effect of time. At 8 and 16 months, BAF was significantly smaller at the Si-GBR site when compared with all other sites, CON was significantly greater at the 6m-GBR site, and CBR and VIB were significantly smaller at the 6m-GBR when compared with the Si-GBR sites.
Conclusions: The simultaneous and delayed techniques both showed a similar osseointegration level over time. However, the staged approach showed enhanced newly formed bone, higher osteoconduction around the grafted mineral, less CBR, and smaller vertical bone defect over time compared with the combined approach.
© 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.