Acceptability of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination seems to be high in the Western world but fewer data are available for men than for women. There are also concerns that HPV vaccination might lead young people to change their healthcare-related behaviours. We investigated these issues in a population-based survey performed in Sweden during January-May, 2007, just after HPV vaccination had been licensed. A total of 10567 men and women aged 18 to 30 years participated. The intention to accept HPV vaccination among these young adults was relatively high but could likely be improved with higher awareness of HPV-related diseases as well as of the safety and efficacy of vaccines in general. Also, the cost of the vaccine needs to be affordable. Even though few young adults stated their healthcare-related behaviours would change after HPV vaccination, a significant number were uncertain, suggesting a need for continued educational efforts when HPV-vaccinating this group.
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