Nanotechnology has enabled a renaissance in the diagnosis of cancers. This is due, in part to the ability to develop agents bearing multiple functionalities, including those utilized for targeting, imaging, and therapy, allowing for the tailoring of the properties of the nanomaterials. Whereas many nanomaterials exhibit localization to diseased tissues via intrinsic targeting, the addition of targeting ligands, such as antibodies, peptides, aptamers, and small molecules, facilitates far more sensitive cancer detection. As such, this review focuses upon some of the most poignant examples of the utility of affinity ligand targeted nanoagents in the detection of cancer.
Copyright © 2010 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.