Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) regulates a variety of functions of the periodontal ligament (PDL) cell, which is a key player during tissue regeneration following periodontal tissue breakdown by periodontal disease. In this study, we investigated the effects of FGF-2 on the cell migration and related signaling pathways of MPDL22, a mouse PDL cell clone. FGF-2 activated the migration of MPDL22 cells and phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and akt. The P13K inhibitors, Wortmannin and LY294002, suppressed both cell migration and akt activation in MPDL22, suggesting that the PI3K/akt pathway is involved in FGF-2-stimulated migration of MPDL22 cells. Moreover, in response to FGF-2, MPDL22 showed increased CD44 expression, avidity to hyaluronan (HA) partly via CD44, HA production and mRNA expression of HA synthase (Has)-1, 2, and 3. However, the distribution of HA molecular mass produced by MPDL22 was not altered by FGF-2 stimulation. Treatment of transwell membrane with HA facilitated the migration of MPDL22 cells and an anti-CD44 neutralizing antibody inhibited it. Interestingly, the expression of CD44 was colocalized with HA on the migrating cells when stimulated with FGF-2. Furthermore, an anti-CD44 antibody and small interfering RNA for CD44 significantly decreased the FGF-2-induced migration of MPDL22 cells. Taken together, PI3K/akt and CD44/HA signaling pathways are responsible for FGF-2-mediated cell motility of PDL cells, suggesting that FGF-2 accelerates periodontal regeneration by regulating the cellular functions including migration, proliferation and modulation of extracellular matrix production.
Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.