LAPTM4B is a novel tumor-associated gene. To date, there have been no published data regarding the role of LAPTM4B expression in epithelial ovarian carcinoma metastasis. Therefore, this study was performed to determine whether LAPTM4B overexpression is a new predictor of epithelial ovarian carcinoma metastasis. LAPTM4B expression was evaluated in 22 normal ovarian specimens and 139 ovarian carcinomas by western blotting analyses and immunohistochemistry. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to determine the association between LAPTM4B expression and epithelial ovarian carcinoma metastasis. Western blotting analysis demonstrated that LAPTM4B was overexpressed in metastatic tissues from patients with ovarian cancers, and immunohistochemistry results revealed that among 59 patients with LAPTM4B overexpression, 57 (96.6%) presented intraperitoneal metastasis and 31 (52.5%) had lymph node metastasis. The results of the univariate and multivariate analyses demonstrated that LAPTM4B overexpression correlated with metastasis. The odds ratio of high-to-low expression for intraperitoneal metastasis was 11.410 (95% CI: 2.357, 55.239) and that for lymph node metastasis was 6.332 (95% CI: 2.533, 15.831). For intraperitoneal metastasis, the sensitivity and specificity of LAPTM4B overexpression were 48.7% and 90.9%; for lymph node metastasis, they were 73.8%% and 71.1%, respectively. LAPTM4B overexpression is a new predictor of epithelial ovarian carcinoma metastasis and an important potential biomarker for the early diagnosis of ovarian carcinoma.
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