In the Netherlands an increasing number of laboratories are involved in diagnosing acute Q-fever. More uniformity in diagnostics and interpretation is desirable. To enable this, a working group on diagnostics of acute Q-fever was created on the initiative of the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) and the Dutch Association for Medical Microbiology (NVMM). The diagnostics of acute Q-fever includes a diagnostic flow chart (algorithm) consisting of tests for DNA and for antibodies against the antigens that appear in the successive stages of the disease. Reporting of both confirmed and suspected cases of acute Q-fever is obligatory.