Factors associated with patient satisfaction in surgery: the role of patients' perceptions of received care, visit characteristics, and demographic variables

J Surg Res. 2010 Nov;164(1):e53-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2010.08.001. Epub 2010 Sep 16.

Abstract

Background: Measures of satisfaction of surgical patients can be used to evaluate and redesign the process of care or to complement established procedures to improve quality of services. However, study findings regarding aspects of patient satisfaction are often inconsistent and depend on the setting. The primary goals of this research were to identify factors associated with satisfaction among patients in a surgical setting.

Materials and methods: Data used in this study were obtained from randomly selected 2699 surgical patients discharged during January-December 2008 from 26 hospitals who responded to a mailed survey. The instrument assessed satisfaction regarding 23 items of perceived care, patient demographic, and visit characteristics. Bivariate and multivariate techniques were used to reveal relations between indicators and overall satisfaction.

Results: Bivariate statistics showed strong relations between overall satisfaction and perceived care with weaker findings pertaining to demographic and visit characteristics. The Multivariate logistic regression predicting overall satisfaction demonstrated that patients receiving surgical services predominantly have similar demands and priorities regardless of age and gender. The strongest factors were (P < 0.05) the interpersonal manner of medical practitioners and nurses, organization of operations, admittance, and discharge, as well as perceived length of stay.

Conclusions: This study identified factors that are related to satisfaction of surgical patients and indicated the intensity of this relationship. These findings support health care providers and medical practitioners with valuable information to meet needs and preferences of patients receiving surgical services.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Germany
  • Health Care Surveys / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Medical Staff, Hospital / standards
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Patient Satisfaction / statistics & numerical data*
  • Perioperative Nursing / standards
  • Quality of Health Care / statistics & numerical data*
  • Surgery Department, Hospital / standards*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*
  • Young Adult