A biomechanical analysis of venous tissue in its normal and post-phlebitic conditions

J Biomech. 2010 Nov 16;43(15):2941-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2010.07.012. Epub 2010 Sep 22.


Although biomechanical studies of the normal rat vein wall have been reported (Weizsacker, 1988; Plante, 2002), there are no published studies that have investigated the mechanical effects of thrombus formation on murine venous tissue. In response to the lack of knowledge concerning the mechanical consequences of thrombus resolution, distinct thrombus-induced changes in the biomechanical properties of the murine vena cava were measured via biaxial stretch experiments. These data served as input for strain energy function (SEF) fitting and modeling (Gasser et al., 2006). Statistical differences were observed between healthy and diseased tissue with respect to the structural coefficient that represents the response of the non-collagenous, isotropic ground substance. Alterations following thrombus formation were also noted for the SEF coefficient which describes the anisotropic contribution of the fibers. The data indicate ligation of the vena cava leads to structural alterations in the ground substance and collagen fiber network.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Elasticity
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Mice
  • Models, Cardiovascular
  • Phlebitis / physiopathology*
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Vena Cava, Inferior / physiology*
  • Vena Cava, Inferior / physiopathology*
  • Venous Thrombosis / physiopathology