Transcription factor binding variation in the evolution of gene regulation

Trends Genet. 2010 Nov;26(11):468-75. doi: 10.1016/j.tig.2010.08.005. Epub 2010 Sep 23.


Transcription factor interactions with DNA are one of the primary mechanisms by which expression is modulated, yet their evolution remains poorly understood. Chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by microarray (ChIP-chip) or sequencing (ChIP-Seq) has revolutionized the study of protein-DNA interactions. However, only recently has attention focused on determining to what extent these regulatory interactions vary between species across entire genomes. A series of recent studies have compared in vivo binding data across a range of evolutionary distances. Binding events diverge rapidly, indicating gene regulation is an evolutionarily flexible process.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • Evolution, Molecular*
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Humans
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Transcription Factors / analysis*
  • Transcription Factors / genetics


  • Transcription Factors