The miR-290-295 cluster promotes pluripotency maintenance by regulating cell cycle phase distribution in mouse embryonic stem cells

Differentiation. 2011 Jan;81(1):11-24. doi: 10.1016/j.diff.2010.08.002. Epub 2010 Sep 22.


The mmu-miR-290-295 cluster codes for a family of microRNAs (miRNAs) that are expressed de novo during early embryogenesis and are specific for mouse embryonic stem cells (ESC) and embryonic carcinoma cells (ECC). Detailed sequence analysis and alignment studies of miR-290-295 precursors demonstrated that the cluster has evolved by repeated duplication events of the ancient miR-290 precursor. We show that under serum starvation, overexpression of miR-290-295 miRNAs withhold ES cells from early differentiation, ensures their high proliferation rate and capacity for forming alkaline phosphate positive colonies. Transcriptome analysis revealed that differentiation related marker genes are underexpressed upon high miR-290-295 level. Importantly, miR-290-295 overexpression prevents ES cells from accumulation in G1 phase at low serum level, and seems to regulate cell cycle in different phases. Our data underline that miR-290-295 miRNAs contribute to the natural absence of G1 checkpoint in embryonic stem cells. We define the cell cycle regulators Wee1 and Fbxl5 as potential direct targets of miR-290-295 miRNAs in vitro. Our results suggest that miR-290-295 miRNAs exhibit their effect predominantly through the regulation of cell cycle phase distribution.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cell Cycle / physiology*
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Culture Media
  • Electroporation
  • Embryonic Stem Cells / cytology*
  • Embryonic Stem Cells / metabolism*
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Gene Duplication
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Genetic Markers
  • Mice
  • MicroRNAs / genetics
  • MicroRNAs / physiology*
  • Pluripotent Stem Cells / cytology*
  • Pluripotent Stem Cells / metabolism*
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Analysis, RNA


  • Culture Media
  • Genetic Markers
  • MIRN290 microRNA, mouse
  • MicroRNAs