Results of a community-based randomized trial to increase colorectal cancer screening among Filipino Americans

Am J Public Health. 2010 Nov;100(11):2228-34. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2009.176230. Epub 2010 Sep 23.

Abstract

Objectives: We conducted 1 of the first community-based trials to develop a multicomponent intervention that would increase colorectal cancer screening among an Asian American population.

Methods: Filipino Americans (n = 548) nonadherent to colorectal cancer (CRC) screening guidelines were randomized into an intervention group that received an education session on CRC screening and free fecal occult blood test (FOBT) kits; a second intervention group that received an education session but no free FOBT kits; and a control group that received an education session on the health benefits of physical activity.

Results: Self-reported CRC screening rates during the 6-month follow-up period were 30%, 25%, and 9% for participants assigned to intervention with FOBT kit, intervention without the kit, and control group, respectively. Participants in either of the 2 intervention groups were significantly more likely to report screening at follow-up than were participants in the control group.

Conclusions: A multicomponent intervention that includes an educational group session in a community setting can significantly increase CRC screening among Filipino Americans, even when no free FOBT kits are distributed.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Asian Americans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Early Detection of Cancer / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Focus Groups
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occult Blood
  • Patient Education as Topic* / methods
  • Patient Education as Topic* / statistics & numerical data
  • Philippines / ethnology