Synchronization in a pair of thermally coupled rotating baroclinic annuli: understanding atmospheric teleconnections in the laboratory

Phys Rev Lett. 2010 May 21;104(20):204501. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.204501. Epub 2010 May 18.


Synchronization phenomena in a fluid dynamical analogue of atmospheric circulation is studied experimentally by investigating the dynamics of a pair of thermally coupled, rotating baroclinic annulus systems. The coupling between the systems is in the well-known master-slave configuration in both periodic and chaotic regimes. Synchronization tools such as phase dynamics analysis are used to study the dynamics of the coupled system and demonstrate phase synchronization and imperfect phase synchronization, depending upon the coupling strength and parameter mismatch.