Unconventional superconductivity and antiferromagnetic quantum critical behavior in the isovalent-doped BaFe2(As1-xPx)2

Phys Rev Lett. 2010 Sep 3;105(10):107003. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.107003. Epub 2010 Sep 2.


Spin dynamics evolution of BaFe2(As(1-x)Px){2} was probed as a function of P concentration via 31P NMR. Our NMR study reveals that two-dimensional antiferromagnetic (AF) fluctuations are notably enhanced with little change in static susceptibility on approaching the AF phase from the superconducting dome. Moreover, the magnetically ordered temperature θ deduced from the relaxation rate vanishes at optimal doping. These results provide clear-cut evidence for a quantum-critical point, suggesting that the AF fluctuations associated with the quantum-critical point play a central role in the high-T(c) superconductivity.