Objective: To evaluate the addition of structured contraceptive counseling to usual care on choice, initiation, and continuation of very effective contraception after uterine aspiration.
Methods: We conducted a RCT of a version of the WHO Decision-Making Tool for Family Planning Clients and Providers with women having a procedure for a spontaneous or induced abortion. Our intervention provided structured, standardized counseling. We randomized women to usual care or usual care with structured counseling. Our outcomes included choosing a very effective contraceptive method and 3 months continuation.
Results: Fifty-four percent of all participants chose a very effective method. Women in the intervention group were no more likely to choose a very effective method (OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.44, 1.26) or to initiate their method compared to the usual care group (OR 0.65, 95% CI 0.31, 1.34). In multivariate models, structured counseling was not associated with using a very effective method at 3 months (AOR 1.06, 95% CI 0.53, 2.14).
Conclusion: In this setting, structured counseling had little impact on contraceptive method choice, initiation, or continuation.
Practice implications: Adding structured counseling did not increase the proportion choosing or initiating very effective contraception in a practice setting where physicians already provide individualized counseling.
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