Structured contraceptive counseling--a randomized controlled trial

Patient Educ Couns. 2010 Dec;81(3):362-7. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2010.08.006.


Objective: To evaluate the addition of structured contraceptive counseling to usual care on choice, initiation, and continuation of very effective contraception after uterine aspiration.

Methods: We conducted a RCT of a version of the WHO Decision-Making Tool for Family Planning Clients and Providers with women having a procedure for a spontaneous or induced abortion. Our intervention provided structured, standardized counseling. We randomized women to usual care or usual care with structured counseling. Our outcomes included choosing a very effective contraceptive method and 3 months continuation.

Results: Fifty-four percent of all participants chose a very effective method. Women in the intervention group were no more likely to choose a very effective method (OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.44, 1.26) or to initiate their method compared to the usual care group (OR 0.65, 95% CI 0.31, 1.34). In multivariate models, structured counseling was not associated with using a very effective method at 3 months (AOR 1.06, 95% CI 0.53, 2.14).

Conclusion: In this setting, structured counseling had little impact on contraceptive method choice, initiation, or continuation.

Practice implications: Adding structured counseling did not increase the proportion choosing or initiating very effective contraception in a practice setting where physicians already provide individualized counseling.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Induced*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Contraception
  • Contraception Behavior* / psychology
  • Contraceptive Agents, Female
  • Counseling*
  • Decision Support Techniques*
  • Family Planning Services / organization & administration
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • New York
  • Patient Education as Topic / organization & administration
  • Patient-Centered Care / organization & administration*
  • Pregnancy, Unplanned
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult


  • Contraceptive Agents, Female