The relationship between socioeconomic deprivation and metabolic/cardiovascular risk factors in a cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Prim Care Diabetes. 2010 Dec;4(4):241-9. doi: 10.1016/j.pcd.2010.08.004.


Aim: There is conflicting information on the impact of socioeconomic deprivation on outcomes in diabetes. Our aim was to study the relationship between socioeconomic deprivation and clinical outcome indicators in a patient cohort with type 2 diabetes mellitus [T2DM].

Methods: We recruited a random sample of 446 patients with T2DM [57% male] stratified by Income Deprivation Measure. Data on patient specific socioeconomic status, educational attainment, behaviour and attitudes were gathered by patient interview. Data analysis was by logistic and linear regression with correction for age, gender and duration of diabetes.

Results: The study cohort showed high levels of deprivation with 80% reporting a household annual income of <£20,000 and 69.5% having no formal educational qualification. The cohort was actively managed with high usage of lipid lowering [90.1%], antihypertensive [80.6%] and antiplatelet agents [78%] and correspondingly good control of modifiable risk factors: HbA1c 7.6 [1.4]%, systolic blood pressure 134.2 [20.6], diastolic blood pressure 72.7 [11.2]mmHg, total cholesterol 4.0 [0.9]mmol/L. Socioeconomic disadvantage was strongly related to measures of integration and attitude to diabetes. Despite this there were no significant or consistent relationships between Income Deprivation Measure/self-reported annual household income/educational attainment on metabolic or cardiovascular risk factors.

Conclusions: Successful management of modifiable risk factors can be achieved in a way that is independent of socioeconomic position.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • Blood Pressure
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / blood
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / physiopathology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Cohort Studies
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / drug therapy*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Glycated Hemoglobin / analysis
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Hypolipidemic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Linear Models
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / blood
  • Metabolic Syndrome / drug therapy*
  • Metabolic Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Metabolic Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Northern Ireland / epidemiology
  • Outpatient Clinics, Hospital
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Poverty*
  • Registries
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors*


  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Biomarkers
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Hypolipidemic Agents
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
  • hemoglobin A1c protein, human
  • Cholesterol