Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is growing at a pandemic scale and is associated with a rapid increase in its complications such as cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This problem is even worse in South Asian population with South Asian people having a much higher prevalence of T2DM and CVD, occurring at an earlier age and being associated with premature and high mortality. This review looks in detail at the current knowledge on epidemiology and characteristic pathophysiology of T2DM and CVD (coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke and peripheral vascular disease) in South Asian migrant population. Specific attention is also drawn to the role of novel risk factors and cultural and socioeconomic factors on occurrence and outcomes of these chronic diseases in this population. Finally the review makes recommendations on various measures including need for further research to tackle this serious health challenge facing the South Asian community.
Copyright © 2010 Primary Care Diabetes Europe. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.