Carbohydrate availability and training adaptation: effects on cell metabolism

Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2010 Oct;38(4):152-60. doi: 10.1097/JES.0b013e3181f44dd9.


Several markers of endurance training adaptation are enhanced to a greater extent when individuals undertake selected training sessions with low compared with normal muscle glycogen content or with low exogenous carbohydrate availability. The potential mechanisms underlying the cellular responses arising from such nutrient-exercise interactions are discussed in the context of promoting training adaptation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / metabolism
  • Energy Metabolism*
  • Exercise Tolerance*
  • Glycogen / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism
  • Nutritional Status*
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Sports / physiology
  • Sports Medicine


  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Glycogen