Neurological and architectural sinuosities: the Niemeyer brothers

Neurosurgery. 2010 Nov;67(5):1167-79. doi: 10.1227/NEU.0b013e3181ef27d3.


In a family of 7 siblings in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2 of the most remarkable national personalities decided to follow different fields at the beginning of the 20th century. Their life's work would, however, intersect in at least 2 respects: the quest for innovation and a passion for sinuosity. The achievements of Paulo and Oscar Niemeyer are landmarks in the history of neurosurgery and architecture in Brazil. Among his many innovations in neurosurgery, Paulo Niemeyer first described the transventricular amygdalohippocampectomy in 1957 and introduced the operating microscope to neurosurgery in Brazil in 1971. His brother Oscar became a world-renowned representative of the modern architecture movement, sculpting graceful curves from concrete.

Publication types

  • Biography
  • Historical Article
  • Portrait

MeSH terms

  • Architecture / history*
  • Brazil
  • History, 20th Century
  • Neurosurgery / history*
  • Neurosurgical Procedures / history*

Personal name as subject

  • Paulo Niemeyer
  • Oscar Niemeyer